In New South Wales the Criminal Justice System is made up of:

Court of Criminal Appeal

Supreme Court

District Court

Local Court

Children accused are dealt with, in most cases, by the Children's Court of New South Wales, though their matters may be dealt with in other courts depending on the type and seriousness.

Generally the Court of Criminal Appeal is the final court of appeal in New South Wales, though it is possible to appeal to the High Court of Australia. Such appeals generally require special leave of the High Court and defendants do not have a free right of appeal to go there.